Historical Fragments of Lha btsun, Master of Sakya School of Tibetan Buddhism in the 13th–14th Century 13–14世紀藏傳佛教薩迦派合尊大師遺事考辦
Another Life of Emperor Gongdi of the Southern Song Dynasty 南宋少帝趙㬎的下半生
Wang Yao 王堯
December 2013
92 pages
5.5" x 8.25", 5 color illustrations
HK$50 (Hong Kong, Macau, Mainland China, and Taiwan only)
US$8 (Other Countries)
Paperback 978-988-16364-9-2


How Zhao Xian, the second last Emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty ended up had remained a myth for centuries. As there were hardly any historical records clearly documented when, where and how he did, controversies and even legendary talks were generated around this topic among scholars of the Ming and the Qing Dynasties. The most peculiar one claimed him the biological father of the Mongolian Ukhaantu Khan, Emperor Shundi of the Yuan Dynasty. This lecture looks into the historical documents in both Chinese and Tibetan to recover the whole story in which a child emperor of the Song firstly became the Duke Yingguo of the Yuan and later the monk Lha btsun of the Sakya School of Tibetan Buddhism. Relevant legends are also discussed in terms of their origin, development and authenticity.


Wang Yao is currently Honorary Dean of the Institute of Tibetology of Minzu University of China, Director of Minor Languages Committee of China Association of Dunhuang and Turfan Studies, and Member of CPC Central Research Institute of Culture and History. He has also been invited as guest professor by various prestigious universities worldwide.